Destination guide: Iguazu
The extraordinary landscapes of Iguazu are ideal for walking excursions while enjoying the region’s fascinating tropical environment.
Iguazu National Park
Designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983, this nature reserve holds over 400 bird and 2,000 plant species. But no doubt the Park’s greatest attraction is the Iguazu Falls that lie right on the border shared by Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay.
There are 275 separate waterfalls that make up this immense curtain of water, plunging up to 80 meters into the Iguazu River. Some of the more known falls include the Devil’s Gorge, Two Sisters, Three Musketeers, Adam and Eve, San Martin and Bozetti.
On board one of the boats that set sail from Puerto Canoas, visitors can admire the magnificent falls in all their splendour, coming as close as 50 meters to the cataracts. Footpaths and catwalks also lead tourists to observe the falls while walking around subtropical jungle landscapes.
Three Borders Landmark
This area, located between the Iguazu and Parana rivers, marks the area where the borders of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay come together. An obelisk, painted with each country’s typical colors, stands in place at each border point.
The Tancredo Neves Bridge (uniting Iguazu in Argentina with Foz do Iguazu in Brazil) and the La Amistad Bridge (connecting with Ciudad del Este in Paraguay) can also be observed from this point. Local artisans sell their handicrafts, souvenirs and typical local products at the market situated at the Three Borders Landmark.
Museum of Images of the Jungle
The Museum, located in Puerto Esperanza at the entrance of the Santa Maria sanctuary of Iguazu, operates out of a diocese building on Guatambu Street with Los Cedros. This gallery mainly exhibits anthropomorphic figures and animal wood carvings which are worth a visit for their artistic level, creativity and daintiness.
The Museum has woodwork crafted by Teofilo Allou, a grand-nephew of French writer Julio Verne, who lived here. One of the highlights is a marvellous nativity scene carved out of a guatambu tree root.
Created by Luis Honorio Rolon, a local doctor and missionary of Iguazu and defender of the aborigines’ rights and of ecology, the Mborore Museum is also located in Puerto Esperanza, over the Parana River, at 252 kilometers from the city of Posadas, on Route 12.
The Mborore Museum treasures works made by different indigenous tribes. Some are contemporary and others have been collected throughout the region. Beautiful textiles and ceramic and wicker handicrafts are on display and an interesting collection of native books can be viewed in the small library.
Luis Rolon Municipal Nature Park
This 10-hectare nature reserve, created in 1995, is situated in the province of Misiones, and includes a small jungle area where majestic native trees grow.
The Park was named after Luis H. Rolon, the doctor who defended the indigenous peoples of Iguazu and conceived the idea of a “green corridor” to protect river sources and ensure that the main blocks of jungle remained united.