Destination guide: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Buenos Aires is the capital of Argentina and one of the most cosmopolitan cities in South America. Its main tourist attractions are the historical Plaza de Mayo, the Obelisk and the neighborhoods of San Telmo and La Boca. The latter is home to La Bombonera stadium and Caminito, a typical Argentine street that is full of handicrafts and souvenirs.
Dancers and tango groups in the majority of public spaces are also common. Purchase your tickets to Buenos Aires and discover everything Argentina has to offer.
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Buenos Aires - History Overview
Buenos Aires was settled in 1536 by Pedro de Mendoza, an adventurous Spaniard who financed his own expedition to South America.
its population had grown to around 20,000 by 1776, the year Spain decreed the city capital of the enormous new viceroyalty of Río de la Plata. Suddenly Buenos Aires was a very important place. After repelling British invasions in 1806 and 1807, porteños reckoned they could handle themselves without Spain’s help. Napoleon’s 1808 conquest of Spain led to BA’s cabildo (town council) cutting ties with the mother country in May 1810.
Finally in 1880 the city was declared the federal territory of Buenos Aires, a separate entity from the surrounding province of the same name, and the nation’s capital forevermore.
Buenos Aires’ population by then was nearly half a million, and waves of immigrants (chiefly Spanish and Italian) continued to roll in. Many of them settled on the southern edge of town, to work in the booming port and the meat-processing industry.
The nation’s agricultural exports soared from 1880 to 1914, which resulted in great wealth accumulating in BA. Much of the unique look BA sports today dates from this period, although Av 9 de Julio’s transformation into a block-wide megaboulevard didn’t occur until the late 1930s.